The speaker struggles to communicate even the most basic words and ideas, even when faced with one familiar listener. If strongly supported by gestures, clues and guidance, he or she may be able to speak isolated basic words related to immediate needs. With very little or no control over basic grammar structures and tenses, he or she may revert to a mother tongue.
The reader has very limited ability, struggling to recognise most words. He or she can recognize most letters, numbers, a small number of short words and very short, simple phrases related to everyday objects and immediate needs, but has almost no ability to decode unknown words, read connected discourse, or guess the meaning of unknown words. There is a heavy reliance on graphics and other visual clues when interpreting meaning.
The writer is limited to writing letters, numbers, single familiar words, and short familiar phrases in very short passages with frequent errors in spelling, punctuation and capitalization conventions. With highly limited vocabulary and little to no knowledge of language structures, he or she experiences tremendous difficulty communicating even the most simple facts or ideas.
The listener can understand a very limited number of simple words and short phrases covering basic concepts when spoken to slowly and clearly. He or she is likely to have to rely on repetition and/or accompanying gestures, such as hand movement or images.